It is important for kids to learn to feel what other kids feel. If others are sad – to feel sad that they are sad. If others are mad or afraid – to understand that they have important reasons to be mad or afraid. If others are happy – to be happy that they are happy.
Some ways children can learn to feel what others feel (empathy):
Talk about their own feelings.
Learn the names of feelings and be able to name what they feel and what they think others are feeling.
Talk about what they think others are feeling – TV characters, brothers and sisters, Mom and Dad, kids at school, or kids they see on the playground.
Learn to make up for mistakes they make (for example, when they hurt someone – even when they don’t mean to).